Reber carried out many such demonstrations. He used different procedures to rule out alternative explanations. In the end, he concluded that learning typically begins with unconscious processes. Brain-scanning research bears this out. For example, the anterior cingulate gyrus, an area crucial to executive control (“willpower”) and planned activity, shows different responses to wins and losses in gambling before a person is conscious of them.
Reber argued that each individual act of learning mimics our species history. “Consciousness is a late arrival on the evolutionary scene,” he pointed out. “Sophisticated unconscious perceptual and cognitive functions preceded its emergence by a considerable margin.” Similarly, in the individual act of learning, consciousness is a late arrival, following unconscious perceptual and cognitive functions that first detect a pattern.
Here is a typical experiment that supports Reber’s theory of implicit learning. It comes from Dr. Pawel Lewicki of the University of Tulsa. He had volunteers try to predict where an X would appear on a computer screen, selecting one trenbolone for sale of four quadrants. The subjects pushed a button corresponding to the quarter of the screen where they predicted the X would appear next. The X followed a pattern determined by 10 simultaneous rules.